But was very surprised that grew mushrooms in such a public place that they have still not collected, surprised the force that drives them to fight for life in the territories mastered by the man. Surprised and dazzling beauty as if unearthly creatures — it was a white coprinus. The sun all a great group resembled the harmonic architecture of the ancient, perhaps Greek city — slender columns, domes, spheres…
A vivid imagination, but quite worldly thought suddenly struck me: why not take these delicious mushrooms home? One can’t overcome such wealth, and I called for help to the spouse. She arrived with her packages and bags, we quickly filled them and went to the tram stop.
Got to the “twenty” and after a while all tram passengers joined in the discussion: “Edible or inedible?”.
An elderly woman almost by force pulled my package out of hand, with the words: — Throw away immediately. do you want to die?.. So young… of Course, know nothing about mushrooms, scored a solid fungus. No, it’s a dung… — What are dung beetles, coprinus this… — Young-and-stupid… You at least have to reference-determiners looked…
And we were sitting quietly, calmly, internally laughing, because they knew what coprinus, or otherwise — dung white, shaggy, grey, ink
Some reference books gnoyoviki completely absent. But in the professional literature about mushrooms they are calledgnoyoviki or beetle white, gray, shaggy, black, shimmering… And the people called them briefly, precisely and completely wrong — toadstool.
I have never seen these mushrooms growing on manure. For the most part they grew up along roads, under the high old trees, usually in large groups. However, people are right, of course — all the old coprinus is impossible, and they look before leaving the life ugly.
But we’ll talk about live and useful…
Beetle white (shaggy) — in his youth a pleasant and mushroom in appearance, and smell. Fruit body very nice: hat first resembles a slightly elongated egg, a height of 6-12 cm and a diameter in the widest part of up to 5-6 cm, in the age of bell-shaped, with the slow scales — white, then brownish. The top is smooth, brownish. Young dung hat bottom turns pink, then become dark purple (ink), turning black and blurry. The stalk is white, thin, solid, hollow, fibrous, thickened below, with a movable ring. The flesh is first white, then black, deliquescent.
Gnoyoviki almost all more or less known species are found from spring to autumn. Grow in forests, on fields fertilized with a high nitrogen content, and sometimes in landfills, and landfills. They are edible and tasty at a young age, while plate pure white. But all edible types are subject to immediate processing and cooking.
The collected mushrooms to sort, clean, delete, darkening old and have to boil. Best of all are eaten with roasted or boiled potatoes in clarified butter.
Beetle gray (ink) — really grey and slightly smaller than the white. Cap 4-10 cm, grey or brownish-grey, ribbed-brilliant, elongated, small flakes at the top. Foot long, white, fibrous, then hollow, without a ring, with a thickening towards the bottom.
Growing beetle gray more often in the grass, on the same nitrogen soil on the sides of roads and trails, in clearings in the forest and landfills.
In the form of young edible, but as a festive snacks tableunder alcohol is a threat, and to drink alcohol, these mushrooms can be neither before nor during nor after their use. By the way, this same fungusis used in the treatment of people from alcoholism
Coprinus micaceusis a very small fungus, the cap 2-4 cm, yellow-brown, with a dark middle, ovate, covered with “crystals” — glittering scales, with age, campanulate, ribbed, folded, with a bare top, thin, not deliquescent in the ink. Plate — white, then black, rising. The stalk is white, smooth, hollow. The flesh is whitish at the base ohrana. Grows on wood rotter. The edibility of this species is not really defined.
There are many other small dung beetles, but they are all of commercial importance have not have high taste qualities.One conclusion: not always and not every toadstool in fact rotten and inedible fungus, and of coprinus it is necessary to collect dung white and gray…
Good luck to you, novice mushroom pickers!