Sobesednik.ru debunks the myths about stroke and how to determine an impending attack.
Myth # 1
My stroke will never touch, it happens only with very sick people.
A stroke can happen to anyone. Even a relatively healthy person can bump into him. Due to stress, unhealthy lifestyle and even wrong a weekend and is able to provoke a so-called stroke of the day.
Myth # 2
It only happens with heart disease.
Of course, the leading causes of stroke are cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, ischemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation and others). No lesser are the risk and other diseases such as diabetes. If you don’t know about the presence of a disease, first, this does not mean that you are not hurt, and secondly, even in the absence of heart disease a person can suffer from a stroke, a precursor which may be, for example, transient ischemic attack. Therefore, people over the age of 40 years, be sure to monitor the level of cholesterol, weight, pressure.
Myth # 3
A stroke is a brain hemorrhage.
Bleeding in the brain is only one kind of stroke – hemorrhagic. The most common is ischemic stroke. It is associated with blocking blood flow to the brain, in which brain cells die from lack of oxygen. 5 times more prone to ischemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation. In people with this diagnosis clot can be produced by spasmodic contractions of the Atria, and then get into the bloodstream and brain.
Myth # 4
You can take tablets and lie down at home.
Such a passive position can lead to a lethal outcome. To ignore the symptoms of stroke or transient ischemic attack (difficulty walking, vision problems, dizziness, numbness in one side of the body) is impossible. When the first symptoms of a stroke should call an ambulance.
Myth # 5
You can carry through a periodic medication.
Unfortunately, no. Patients with a high risk of stroke should always take prescribed medications (antihypertensive drugs, statins, anticoagulants). Anticoagulant therapy if the risk of stroke is appointed for life. Atrial fibrillation or stroke history are risk factors special when them permanent anticoagulation therapy is required. When a person has high cholesterol, he has to stick to a special diet and by prescription to take statins, when hypertension, then antihypertensive medications.
Myth # 6
Disorders of the body does not recover.
The patient was taken to the hospital within 4.5 hours after a stroke, perform the procedure of thrombolysis. It restores blood flow in vessels. When getting in this time window 80% of people recover completely. A variety of equipment and techniques improve the possibility of recovery of motor function.
Does the person need an ambulance?
People are often unaware that they or their older relatives needed help. In order to help timely the patient, need to know the symptoms of stroke:
- Ask the person to smile. The stroke will be visible facial asymmetry.
- Offer to pull his hands before him. The stroke person will not be able to do it equally with both hands.
- Have the patient say a simple sentence. At a stroke it will be fuzzy.
- Have the patient stick out tongue. When a stroke he deflected to the side.
Thanks to this test in Europe, more than 70% of patients get to hospital in time.