Who built beautiful and practical? A little about the heritage of Andrey Dostoevsky

Themselves the citizens for the beauty of the buildings on the street Palace, for example, pay little attention — I used to have, and few know how much force was applied to the plains of the city, which was included in the list of “Little Paris”. Spoke in the NINETEENTH century not only of Elisavetgrad, but it’s nice that the city has received this kind of status.

But the basis of Yelisavetgrad was fraught with many difficulties. City 8 times burnt to the ground and repeatedly suffered damage from the flood of the river Ingul, which wrote many of the major Newspapers of the time. People do not have time to build permanent buildings, Yes, many and financial condition was not to build for the ages, so the first inhabitants of the city was built, as a rule, houses and shops made of mud and wood with roofs of straw or reeds. This house was available to most people, but its durability left much to be desired.

After a fire in 1798, the Emperor Paul was even given to the affected city of 100 thousand rubles loan at 10% per annum, and the interest earned is not withdrawn in the state Treasury, and were left to the city, as we would say today, “reserve Fund”. It is thanks to these money and payments of insurance companies in Yelisavetgrad began more actively to build stone and bricks, but before the construction of architectural masterpieces was far away.

However, there would be no happiness, Yes the misfortune has helped. In 1849, during the investigation of the case Petrashevsky were arrested instead of his older brother Mikhail, Andrey Dostoevsky, who spent in captivity for 13 days. Error, in the end, was fixed, and the young architect, in all probability, as an apology, was appointed chief architect of the small military town of Yelisavetgrad. And the position gave a good like, out of sight, removed from city life away.

And here Andrey Mikhailovich left a good memory for several centuries. First, the young architect was struck by the plight of the city, however, his active spirit did not allow him long to be depressed, especially because a year after his arrival in Yelisavetgrad, he married and had to work hard to ensure that his family lived in a normal city and not the permanent settlement of people there. Elisavetgrad success of a talented engineer and a person with an exquisite sense of beauty became the first stepping stone in his career (and was promoted Andrei Mikhailovich, neither more nor less, to the provincial architect, though, in the Yaroslavl province).

The first thing Andrew Dostoevsky began to fight for the prevention of fires. He began to demand the construction of a brick and stone houses, in particular ordered that the Palace built buildings, only those people who could use on individual projects, not the lower of the two floors, with a beautiful finish, with the obligatory marble staircase from the main entrance. Interestingly, when the same number of floors of the house may differ significantly “growth.” The height of buildings are not dependent on the destiny of the house, and from the solvency of the customer.

The road to the Palace was paved with stone, and it became a favorite walking place of Elisavetgrad beauties, especially as the street begins at the Royal Palace, and hence the probability to hit the heart of someone of the brave military here have always been very large.

The funny thing is that after was introduced a kind of moratorium on the construction of fire hazardous materials, urban fire service long enough was based in a wooden building.

The second innovation in the city was centralized water supply. Still in some houses survived “the flow of water out of nowhere”. Old-timers say that the water pipeline laid from underground sources, and the pipes were created from processed somehow oak wood. Sometimes, when the utilities carry out repairs of underground networks, they find the remains of the oldest operating water supply of the city, but to trace its route, it is not possible, we can only rejoice that the network successfully performs its function already in the second century.

A masterpiece of engineering also became a prison, built at a time when the city was upset by Andrey Dostoyevsky. Now in a Corrective colony № 6 prisoners live in monument, where during the existence of the prison there was no escape!

Are you ready to leave a good memory for several centuries?

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