Why Utesov was named artist of large and small theaters?

What do you believe least of all angry young Lazarus, when he was expelled from commercial school Faig for poor performance and poor discipline? That’s right: the fact that he will likely never be sepatutnya. I quietly beg you, do not need to dig in dictionaries. That word there, you still can not find. So in Odessa called the small Commission agents and grain brokers.

Schaub I night Sun is not seen if at the time Leda (that was the name of his family) think themselves without music. The first thing he wanted to be a fireman (on their shiny helmets sink all Malamocco!), then a sailor (barge at sea, and Hello, sailor!), but by age 14 he won the music! Ah, bringing the sounds living next to Bisbane violinist, gersberg! As stirs the blood, successive three orchestras, which in the evenings at the monument to Richelieu at the Nikolaev Boulevard, rather, not played, and tried to outdo the competitor!

Not to love music in Odessa, if in the city since its Foundation lived anecdote: — Dumb, I heard your son is taking violin lessons? Yet it will not work! — Why, Sam? — So he’s got no ears! — NEMA, and where is the hearing? He will not listen, he will be playing himself!

But the Cliffs started not even with the kupletistom (only after a while he will take the first place in the contest couplets in Gomel), and gymnast. At school, he was known as the best gymnast, good working on the rings, parallel bars and horizontal bar. I wanted to make a living by yourself, so parents wouldn’t feel ashamed of. Ah, gone are the days! Who today can say about my mother, as once did Leonid Utesov: “she was the last of the twenty-first child in his family.”

17-year-old boys Leda settled in Kremenchug theater of miniatures. He would live and live in Odessa, and it has suffered in Kremenchug! Why? — you will ask. And I’ll tell you: Cherche La femme! He fell in love with Odessa the Italian, and she is in trouble turned out to be a policeman’s wife usher Boulevard area. Cost in such hands, to tempt fate? First come, first serve!

However, he toured Leda short, already in the following year he played in the Odessa troupe, C. G. Rozanov(Big and Small Richelieu theaters). But as Leonid Utesov, it is a stage name he invented himself in Kremenchug! Big and Small Richelieu theaters! Sounds like music!

Thus began the path to glory. And 1917 Leonid Osipovich came to Odessa only as a guest. At this time he is in Moscow organized a small orchestra which played in the garden “Hermitage”.

Theaters succeeded each other — the Theatre of revolutionary satire (Moscow), musical Comedy Theatre, Palace theatre, Free theatre (Leningrad), “marine” (Riga).

Even a decade later, in 1928, the Cliffs, first arrives in Paris. Accidentally or purposely met with professional jazz. 8 Mar 1929 debut on the stage of the Leningrad Small Opera theatre with his jazz band. The audience literally on the ears are from his “Tea-jazz”. It was quite unusual for the pop genre. The cliffs connected with conducting ceremonies, dancing, singing, playing the violin, reading poetry, acting out scenes between musicians and conductor. The entire performance was carefully structured, starting with an introduction to the audience and ending with the farewell song “Goodbye”, for which was used a projection screen and loudspeakers mounted on the facade of the concert building. From the song “GOP with Smyk” the audience loved.

In 1934, on cinema screens released film Grigory Alexandrov “Jolly fellows”, which starred the rest of the orchestra Utesova. The General mood of the picture determined Dunaevsky’s songs on poems Lebedev-Kumach, “the Heart, you are restless” and “March of cheerful children”. The song gained popularity. Held in London Congress of peace and friendship with the USSR (1937) ended by “March of cheerful children”.

June 1941 finds soloist during a rehearsal of the new program “Singing, joking and playing” in the Moscow “Hermitage”. The orchestra quickly creates first military program, “beat the enemy!”, in addition to the already known songs sound new works: “And not once, not twice, we taught the enemy”, “Guerrilla frost” and others. During the first year of war the orchestra has given over 200 concerts in factories, ships, in the army on the Kalinin front, constantly including new songs: “Wait for me”, “In the dugout”, “Dark night”, “Odessa Bear”, anti-fascist ditties “Bastards no mercy!”. In June 1942, Taras Shevchenko was awarded the title of honored artist of the RSFSR.

And the title of people’s artist of the USSR was awarded to Leonid Utesov in 1965. He became the first entertainer to be awarded it. A year later, ill, Leonid Osipovich left the stage, and in December 1981 was the last performance of the soloist.

Music critics are often accused of Utesov the lack of singing voice. Leonid Osipovich joked: “so be it! I sing not with the voice I sing with my heart!”

He died, as you already know, March 9, 1982. He lived a happy life surrounded with the cares of his beloved wife Elena Iosifovna Goldiei, and his heart gave to the people!

This great odessite has a lot to learn! And if you ever complain to someone that your boss is a complete incompetent, think of Odessa and say to yourself: “why does he have to be very smart? It is enough that he is the head!”. And then go and do not waste your time! Your sun already rises in the East. The chief played out, it’s your turn!